Companion planting is plantation of different crops in proximity for specific reasons like pollination, pest control, and providing habitats for beneficial insects. I’ll show you the numbers and let you decide how beneficial biointensive farming is. 4 replies 3 1. biointensive. The IPNM in BIFS is provisioned to include improved FYM, compost, green manure and bio-fertilizers (azolla, Rhizobium and Mycorrhizal). irrigated) Reduced genetic base; over 95% of seed. varieties ever used have been lost. Livestock and arable enterprises are separated breaking the cyclical processes characteristic of … Many small-scale farmers choose to go bio-intensive due to the following reasons: This means highest possible yields with minimum use of resources. Biointensive agriculture: Doesn’t require high investment upfront Is less technology dependent Produces high yields from less land Uses less water With increasing world hunger and worsening food security, this might…. Normally it takes about 40,000 sq ft of grazing land for 1 cow/steer (for milk/meat) or 2 goats (for milk/meat/wool), or 2 sheep (for milk/meat/wool). There is incredible improvement in biodiversity by using diverse crop species, rather than strictly cultivating a single crop (Monoculture Farming). Components/Methods of Biointensive Farming, Environmental Benefits of Biointensive Farming. Rajbhandari further developed the holistic concept and approach of bio-intensive farming system to address the socio-economic, cultural and political aspects as well (Rajbhandari, 1998). For example; US has a rate of topsoil layer depletion 18 times higher than it should be. To plant intensively, Companion planting is described as taking place both in space, which is traditionally called, The Whole System: biointensive experts emphasize that because these techniques can result in intense productivity and high yields, the system must be practiced as a whole in order to prevent rapid soil exhaustion. The sustainable bio-intensive farming (BIF) system approach is such an effort to translate a new vision of sustainable management of productive natural resources into reality for a mode of sustainable livelihoods among the farming … 19 (2), 2001, p. 81‐83) shows that biointensive methods can enable small‐scale farms and farmers to significantly increase food production and income, utilize predominantly local, renewable resources and decrease expense and energy inputs while building fertile topsoil at a rate 60 times faster than in nature (Worldwide Loss of Soil – and a Possible Solution Ecology Action, 1996). Let’s see how you can apply them to your garden. This is quite unique. Use 67% to 88% less water than conventional agricultural methods. We’ve already discussed how important biodiversity is to the environment. The rate of production of fertile topsoil layer is 60 times higher than the natural rate when these methods are applied. Biointensive agriculture is an organic agricultural system that focuses on achieving maximum yields from a minimum area of land, while simultaneously increasing biodiversity and sustaining the fertility of the soil. It is particularly effective for backyard gardeners and smallholder farmers in developing countries, and also has been used successfully on small-scale commercial farms. This will ultimately enhance biodiversity on the farm. Declining nutrient quality of food. Advantages of Biointensive Agriculture. The method now enjoys widespread practice and further development, and according to Ecology Action, has been used in over 140 countries around the world, in almost every climate and soil where food is grown. The following outline of the methods approximates the descriptions found in the popular biointensive handbook, How to Grow More Vegetables (and fruits, nuts, berries, grains and other crops) Than You Ever Thought Possible on Less Land Than You Can Imagine, by John Jeavons, now in its eighth edition, and in seven languages, including braille.. Intensive farming is the latest technique used to yield high productivity by keeping large number of livestock indoors and using excessive amount of chemical fertilizers on a tiny acreage. Aquaculture, also commonly known as aquafarming or fish farming, is an industrial process of farming…, Flooding has become more frequent and severe around the world. 256p. These components of biointensive farming aim to increase biodiversity and harmony between plants in nature, by completely avoiding harmful practices of monoculture farming. Components important to the biointensive approach include: But that concept and method have dealt with only eco-technical aspect. Raising awareness, not locally but globally, was the mission. Crop Rotation and the Circular Garden I have little or no artistic sense whatsoever, … I have lived on the countryside for over a decade of my life where I realized how human activities impacted the environment. With just one-tenth of an acre of space, it's possible to grow your entire diet, claims a Northern California gardening research group. Since then, we’ve just been learning more and more about Biointensive farming. Your email address will not be published. Reduced synthetic fertilizer use can result in reduced runoff into nearby water bodies. It is defined…, What does Cultivation Mean? Promoting it is a no-brainer to help the environment. Biointensive gardening is a commercially viable technique, which aims at diversified cropping and bio-bed preparation on small plots of land, with maximum yield. Another great unappreciated source of compost and soil improvement is the roots of crops themselves, which, in the biointensive system are left to decompose in the soil, where they help to both fertilize and “sew it together”, creating stable soil structure. Later during my stint in medical school, I realized that many of our health concerns originate from neglecting our environmental responsibilities and this was just not sustainable in the long run. Agroforestry; Definition, Types, Importance and Benefits, Effective Ways to Improve Backyard Biodiversity. Produce a 100% increase in soil fertility. Intensive farming substitutes rather than enhances the natural biological production processes. Biointensive farming achieves best soil conditions through a process called double digging. Biointensive farming/agriculture is a type of sustainable organic farming systems which involves working with elements such as soil, air, water, and sun to achieve maximum yield, biodiversity and soil fertility. Carbon farming is based on cultivating crops which have high amounts of biomass which means high carbon content. Share this: Twitter; Facebook; Learn More. Theliving mulchresults in a mini-climate between the plants and the soil, retaining moisture and protecting soil from wind and water exposure that can lead to erosion. Intensive planting also … It involves harvesting a … This isn’t said to be an isolated pattern:…, Soil fertility has gone down over the years. These include sweet potatoes, potatoes, parsnips, and leeks. Thus, crops such as alfalfa, which has exceptionally deep roots, and cereal rye, which has a particularly high volume of roots, are valued. The following is excerpted from an article on the topic of integrating animals into a biointensive system from the “Frequently Asked Questions” page on Ecology Action's website: Livestock can fit into a [biointensive] system, but it usually takes a larger area [than growing a vegan diet]. Rajbhandari (2002) has defined bio-intensive farming system (BIFS) as a biologically intensive mixed farming system, which relies on the intensive engagement of the farmers; optimization of organic recycling through crop rotations; integrated plant nutrient management (IPNM); and integrated organic pest management (IOPM) with the use of bio-pesticides, botanical pesticides, and biota e.g. (Sustainable Food Production for a Complete Diet, E. Glenn and C. Clement, Environmental Research Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson; P. Brannon, Dept. 1. Your email address will not be published. primarily attributed to Ecology Action's John Jeavons because he has used the word as part of his GrowBiointensive growing system A 2010 study published in the journal Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems showed that biointensive methods resulted in significantly increased production and a reduction of energy use when compared with conventional agriculture (Moore, S.R., 2010, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 00:24. According to Jeavons and other proponents, when properly implemented, farmers using biointensive techniques have the potential to: In order to achieve these benefits, the biointensive method uses an eight-part integrated system of deep soil cultivation (“double-digging”) to create raised, aerated beds; intensive planting; companion planting; composting; the use of open-pollinated seeds; and a carefully balanced planting ratio of 60% Carbon-Rich Crops (for compost production) 30% Calorie-Rich Crops (for food) and an optional 10% planted in Income Crops (for sale). Produce 2 to 6 times more food at intermediate yields, assuming a reasonable level of farmer skill and. Ensure a Sustainable Green Future with Environment Buddy! Another way is to use the soil sustainably by reserving 60% of land for compost crops. Biointensive farming is an organic system of agriculture, where farmers focus on achieving the maximum yields, from the existing limited pieces of land, while at the same … Many of the techniques that contribute to the biointensive method were present in the agriculture of the ancient Chinese, Greeks, Mayans, and of the Early Modern period in Europe, as well as in West Africa (Tapades of Fouta Djallon) from at least the late 18th century. 7 replies biointensive. Struggling with biointensive ('How to Grow More Vegetables' … how important biodiversity is to the environment, Crop Rotation; Examples, Benefits, Cons and DIY kit, Over-Cultivation; Causes, Effects and Solutions, 10+ Pros and Cons of Aquaculture (Fish Farming), How to Repair Damaged Soil? Trichogramma chilonis. Aland Chadwick went on to fuse biological concepts with intensive French gardening to make his unique approach, known as the biodynamic French intensive method. The most essential element that defines soil fertility is topsoil.  The goal of the method is long term sustainability on a closed system basis. Initially farmers thought increasing yields with toxic chemicals was the way to fulfill increasing demand of food. Compost in biointensive farming can be obtained by carbon farming. The biointensive method provides many benefits as compared with conventional farming and gardening methods, and is an inexpensive, easily implemented sustainable production method that can be used by people who lack the resources (or desire) to implement commercial chemical and fossil-fuel-based forms of agriculture. The most important element for building and maintaining sustainable soil fertility is the growing of 60% compost crops, proper composting techniques that incorporate the right balance of, Dr. Ed Glenn at the Environmental Research Lab, University of Arizona, studied the biointensive method when considering food production methods for the Biosphere II experiment. It’s replacing the time … Moreover, composting helps to return carbon and nutrients into the soil. You don’t need large farmlands and acres of space to carry out biointensive agriculture, you can simply do it in your garden. Examples include: I had an accidental opportunity to test the [biointensive] method of zero‐input agriculture as a part of our work with Biosphere II. Components of Bio-intensive farming 1. Grow crops that are richer in calories. These crops tend to produce a good yield in small areas (Like a backyard). Reduce by 50% or more the amount of land required to grow a comparable amount of food. It has been serving as a model for promoting ecological farms and eco-tourism for higher productions and income generation in small scale. New to Biointensive Farming, help, tips please. Companion Planting. The challenge [to growing animals for food] is that by 2014, 90% of the world’s people will only have access to about 4,500 sq ft of farmable land per person, if they leave an equal area in a wild state to protect plant and animal genetic diversity and the world’s ecosystems! It may also be an answer to Solutions of Global Warming. In addition to Ecology Action, which provides public outreach in the form of workshops, internship and apprenticeship programs, and public tours of their biointensive research mini-farm in Willits, CA, examples of groups and organizations around the world that use and teach biointensive techniques are: John Jeavons, 10 Speed Press, 2012. Open-pollinated seeds produce plants that look similar to their parents. Choose to plant varieties that work in harmony with other plants in that garden. 25 (12), December, 1990.). More Examples. Prefer growing crops that have lots of biomass, so that it can be returned to the soil in the form of compost. What is Biointensive Farming? Biointensive farming or gardening also aims to use less water and energy than traditional gardening methods, while sustaining and even building soil that’s healthy, vigorous and alive with many … Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Biointensive Agriculture in Fouta Djallon, Biointensive Agriculture Center of Kenya (G-BIACK), The Center for Agroecology & Sustainable Food System, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biointensive_agriculture&oldid=996000101, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2011, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. My love for nature is not newfound. As we were just discussing about how topsoil is so important for fertility. Conventional farming … The idea centers around nutrient-rich soil that can support growing crops closer together, … Double digging involves mixing up two layers of soil (instead of just the one) to allow a much better exchange of air, nutrients, water with crop roots. This converts to reduced pollution. Calorie farming aims to produce a complete diet in the smallest area possible. This is where Sustainable Farming Methods thrived. Your goal shouldn’t be to make money out your bio-intensive garden, but rather achieving a garden farmed with sustainable farming methods. The soil air from the development of deep soil structure, combined with the microbe- and nutrient-rich compost allow the crops to be planted intensively. Good, holistic management and monitoring of the system is important to a perfect bio-intensive garden. It is a holistic system of sustainable management of natural resources in a given agro-ecosystem with specific cultural and knowledge base. It can be in the form of repelling pests or in nitrogen fixation into the soil. Precision ag technology is spurring a dramatic change in agricultural research. Thus, relatively cooler composting is practiced, and plant materials are preferred over animal materials. But Jeavons isn't standing still. Most of the techniques which contribute to Biointensive methods were also being used in ancient Chinese, Greek, and European agricultures from at least the late 18th century. Oldest Tree in the World; Methuselah. To be more specific, biointensive farms use: Biointensive farming minimizes resource use while ensuring effectiveness of those resources. It would make sense to tell you how biointensive farming benefits soil fertility. Use up to 99% less energy than commercial agriculture, while using a fraction of the resources. The world is facing severe challenges due to reduction in fertile lands, reduction of biodiversity, global warming issues, and much more. 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